Yes, it is finished, but what is finished?


The summary or what to await in this chapter!

This chapter summarizes the Pauline revelation of the works of our Lord Jesus.

It exposes the intentions of God for humanity before the foundations of the world, the present ‘in Christ’ realities, our hope and inheritance in Christ.

This letter (Epistle) was written to Christians in Ephesus, which was located in present day Turkey.

Before diving into the analysis of the portion of scriptures, please try to read it first from the bible.

It will help your understanding of the analysis.


Verses 1 to 3

  1. Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God,

to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus:

2. Grace be to you, and peace, from God our Father,

and from the Lord Jesus Christ.

3. Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,

who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ:


Verse 1 and 2  were his introduction and greetings, then, verse 3  reveals our present reality in Christ Jesus, that we have been blessed with all blessings in the heavenly places.

This is in fulfilment of the promise made to Abraham by God about His seed (Jesus Christ) being a blessing to all the families of the earth (Gen. 12: 1-3).

But as revealed in these verses, the blessings are located only in heavenly places.

There is a lot to say about the location of these blessings (Heavenly places) and how to access them, but it is not the purpose of this analysis .



Verses 4 to 6

 4. According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world,

that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:

5. Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,

6. To the praise of the glory of his grace,

wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.


Verse 4-6 reveals the intent/counsel of God for humanity before the foundation of the world; his plans for us which he has fulfilled in Christ Jesus virtue of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, and His purpose for doing this, which is for the praise of the glory of his grace.

Despite these verses were composed in past tenses, it reveals what we have now in Christ Jesus.

From here see we have been chosen, holy and without blame in Love, and we have received adoption as children.

These are not because of our works, but simply because of the grace of election, and it is for the praise of it.



Verse 7 to 8

  7. In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins,

according to the riches of his grace;

8 Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence;


Verse 7-8, it was records that we have received forgiveness of sins, this is simply a consequence of our redemption.

The word ‘redemption’ used in verse 7  is from the Greek word ‘Apolutrósis’, which literally means "buying back from,
(winning back) what was previouly forfeited (lost)".

In other to explain heavenly truth, God usually use earthly terminology.

In Lev. 25: 47-55, God gave instructions about redeeming a poor Jewish person, who sells himself/herself to a fellow Jew as a slave because of poverty, this was actually an allegory of the state of mankind before salvation.

When man sinned at the Garden of Eden, he actually sold himself to sin.

Just as it was stated (In Lev. 25:47-55) that closest kin to him should redeem such a one, our Lord Jesus has come to pay the price for our redemption.


Now one may ask, who did God pay the price to and what price was paid?

What one may think at first thought is that the price was paid to the devil, while in truth the devil was in no way part of the transaction.

The price that Jesus paid was to satisfy the legal requirements of God‘s judgement.

All sins must be judged, and Jesus fulfilled this requirement by his sufferings for us on the cross, thereby setting us free from due judgement.



Verse 9-10

9 Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself:

10 That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him:


Verse 9-10 reveals the eternal purpose of God, where all things in heaven and earth will be in Christ Jesus.

A mystery is being revealed here, and we need careful consideration to understand it.

From creation story, we saw how God made man in the earth.

But in Gen 6:6 we read that God repented that he had made man in the earth because of the wickedness in the earth.

But in the new testament, we see that the new man was made in Christ Jesus (Eph 2:10), making Christ our natural habitat. Then I ask a question, who or what is Christ?

A person or an environment, or both a person and an environment?

I will go with the latter.



Verse 11-12

11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:

12 That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ.


Verse 11-12  reveals we have been given an inheritance in Christ Jesus, as God has predestinated us.

His intention for doing this if for the praise of His grace.



Verse 13-14

13 In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth,

the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed,

ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,

14 Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.


Verse 13–14  reveals the implication of our faith in God, the seal of the Holy Spirit we have received.

The seal here represents the ensign signifying that we are owned by Christ.

And the Holy Spirit that has been given to us is the earnest of our inheritance (Verse 14).

The word “earnest” used here is from the Greek word ‘Arrhabön’, which means a pledge that is part of the purchase money or property given in advance as security.

The definition of this word gives us a view of what we have as ours at the cumulation of an event.

Then, the Holy Spirit is who guarantees our inheritance.


What then is our inheritance?

In Galatians 4:7 and Romans 8:17, it was clearly stated that we are heirs of God, which means God himself is our inheritance (All that God is and all that God has is for us).



Verse 15-23

15 Wherefore I also, after I heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus,

and love unto all the saints,

16 Cease not to give thanks for you, making mention of you in my prayers;

17 That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him:

18 The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints,

19 And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power,

20 Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places,

21 Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:

22 And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,

23 Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.


Verse 15 -23, here Paul was by his prayer telling us how we can access the benefit in Christ Jesus- by the knowledge of God; The knowledge of his redemptive work at the cross of Calvary.

This knowledge can only come when our understanding is enlightened.

That is why he prayed for the spirit of wisdom and revelation for us.



In conclusion!

Eph 1:1-23  is a brief summary of the insights Paul had about the finished work of Christ.

Paul was reminding the Christians in Ephesus of what he must have taught them in person. Having this knowledge is very important, as knowledge about the finished work of Christ is the key to manifesting what has been done for us in Christ Jesus.


Daniel Ogbemudia Idehen


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